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New polyester nanofibre is 400 nanometres in diameter

Polyester producer Teijin Fibers announced today that it has decided to commercialize a new version of its Nanofront high-strength polyester nanofibre with a diameter of 400 nanometres, or 22,500 times smaller than the cross-sectional area of a strand of hair, an unprecedented achievement for a commercial polyester fibre. The new version, which will be marketed by Teijin Fibers as a finer version of its existing 700 nanometre Nanofront nanofibre, is expected to expand the m

16th January 2012

Innovation in Textiles
 |  Tokyo

Protective, Transport/​Aerospace, Industrial

Polyester producer Teijin Fibers announced today that it has decided to commercialize a new version of its Nanofront high-strength polyester nanofibre with a diameter of 400 nanometres, or 22,500 times smaller than the cross-sectional area of a strand of hair, an unprecedented achievement for a commercial polyester fibre.

The new version, which will be marketed by Teijin Fibers as a finer version of its existing 700 nanometre Nanofront nanofibre, is expected to expand the market for the company's versatile, high-performance nanofibre by meeting demands for even finer nanofibres in applications, such as high-performance air filters that trap especially fine dust particles while allowing increased air flow in compact, energy-efficient air conditioning systems.

Teijin Fibers introduced the world's first commercial polyester nanofibre in 2008. The 700-nanometer version of Nanofront is 7,500 times smaller than the cross section of a hair strand and boasts more than 200 related patent applications.

Electron microscope image of Teijin's 400 nanometre polyester fibre

According to Teijin, nano-sized bumps on the surface of Nanofront raise frictional force and produce a surface area dozens of times greater than that of regular fibre, giving the material outstanding slip resistance.

The ultra-fine fibre is also said to be soft, stretchable, fits body contours comfortably, promotes cooling and boasts excellent absorbency and opaqueness. Nanofront is used in a wide variety of clothing and industrial applications, ranging from inner-wear, golf gloves and skin care products to abrasive cloth and filters. Teijin Fibers has already established the mass-production technology for even finer nanofibre, as small as 280 nanometres in diameter, which it aims to commercialize eventually.

Going forward, Teijin Fibers says it will continue leveraging its competitive nanotechnologies in nanofibres that incorporate functional polymers, such as polyethylene naphthalate (PEN), olefin-based polymers, nylon, and polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT). Applications in areas such as electronic components, industrial filters, clothing and bedding are expected to meet increasingly stringent demands in terms of usage and functional properties.    

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