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Smart Textiles

Smart textiles project helps improve anxiety in mental health patients

The research aimed to help ensure that people with mental illnesses are not designed out of new technologies.

17th January 2017

Innovation in Textiles
 |  Nottingham


A smart textiles research project, led by Dr Sarah Kettley, a reader in product design at Nottingham Trent University, that involved people with mental health conditions in the design process found it helped participants experience lower levels of anxiety.

The research, conducted in collaboration with the mental health charity Mind, aimed to help ensure that people with mental illnesses are not designed out of new technologies.

The £333,000 project used a psychological method of engaging with people – the person-centred approach. Instead of treating an individual from the perspective of having a disease or deficit, the person-centred approach takes the standpoint of placing trust in the patient to know themselves, shows them empathy, unconditional positive regard, and treats them genuinely.

Smart textiles workshops

Participants in the Nottingham Trent University study said that by taking part in smart textiles workshops – during which they learned to create their own smart textile garments – they experienced better concentration, improved confidence in a group setting, and reduced levels of anxiety.

Two members were empowered to such an extent that they were able to co-deliver an e-textile workshop at the university to international researchers and felt confident enough to attend a national Crafts Council conference in Manchester.

Empowering people

“The aim of the research was to raise new questions about how e-textiles can be personalised and how they can empower people and help them express their creativity,” explained Dr Kettley, a smart textiles expert of the university's School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment.

The research aimed to help ensure that people with mental illnesses are not designed out of new technologies. © Nottingham Trent University

“In undertaking the research through the person-centred approach, we were able to see how participants experienced fewer symptoms of anxiety which also enabled them to become more involved in the project.”

“We were very pleased with the results as it’s imperative that people with mental health issues are more empowered in the development of new technologies, particularly when you consider that one of four of us will at some point in our lives experience a mental illness.”


The project was funded by a grant from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and was run in conjunction with Nottinghamshire Mind Network in consultation with up to 20 people who use the charity’s services.

The technology explored included fabric tilt switches which sense orientation; embroidered fabric sensors, which complete an electrical circuit when stroked; and fabric push-button switches. Participants produced smart concepts, such as light-up gloves, pocket anxiety monitoring devices, and a large sculptural display of Mind members’ levels of wellbeing.

Participants in the study said that by taking part in smart textiles workshops, they experienced better concentration. © Nottingham Trent University

“Many people with mental health issues get overlooked when opportunities like this arise. Being involved in the project has empowered, increased the confidence and developed the skills of people accessing Mind services,” commented Nic Roberts, of the Notts Mind Network.

“The programme has enabled those taking part to be co-researchers in a subject they had very little knowledge of and ensured that their voices were heard and their experiences valued.”


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